Archive | November 2017


” Smoking causes about 90% (or 9 out of 10) of all lung cancer deaths. More women die from lung cancer each year than from breast cancer.  Smoking causes about 80% (or 8 out of 10) of all deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). ”

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Simple facts with consequences you face if you decide to start or continue smoking.

Through an accurate reference the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who wants to save lives and protect people, support the following:

Smoking is estimated to increase the risk—

    • For coronary heart disease by 2 to 4 times1,6
    • For stroke by 2 to 4 times1
    • Of men developing lung cancer by 25 times1
    • Of women developing lung cancer by 25.7 times1

Smoking causes diminished overall heath, such as self-reported poor health, increased absenteeism from work, and increased health care utilization and cost.

Smokers are at greater risk for diseases that affect the engine of the body=The heart and its branches=The circulatory system (putting a smoker at high risk for cardiovascular disease).

  • Smoking causes stroke and coronary heart disease—the leading causes of death in the United States.
  • Even people who smoke fewer than five cigarettes a day can have early signs of cardiovascular disease.
  • Smoking damages blood vessels and can make them thicken and grow narrower. This makes your heart beat faster and your blood pressure go up. Clots can also form.
  • A heart attack occurs when a clot blocks the blood flow to your heart. When this happens, your heart cannot get enough oxygen causing starvation of food, being oxygen to the heart tissue. This damages the heart muscle, and part of the heart muscle can die, which is what exactly happens with a heart attack where angina (lack of 02 is reversible).
  • A stroke occurs when a clot blocks the blood flow to part of your brain or when a blood vessel in or around your brain bursts causing again starvation of food, being 02, just in a different tissue part. Get it oxygen is the food to all our tissues of the body
  • Blockages caused by smoking can also reduce blood flow to your skin and legs (For example Peripheral Vascular Disease= PVD). Ever see the commercial with a person telling you to stop smoking with fingers surgically removed or limbs, PVD is what occurred to that individual and the person didn’t stop smoking. Due to this behavior what happened the vessels of the individual’s limbs became so narrowed that it cut off oxygenated blood supply to those tissue parts causing ischemia-lack of oxygen, which led to necrosis of the tissue (death) and the part had to be surgi-cally removed. Now that individual can’t walk or grasp things with those limbs that were operated on. Is smoking worth this consequence? I don’t think so, what about you? Just think about it if you still smoke.Smoking can cause lung disease by damaging your airways and the small air sacs (alveoli) found in your lungs. What actually happens to the lung tissue is the pin point openings (alveoli) keeps expanding to a wider opening. The alveoli is responsible of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange when we inhale and exhale but with the alveoli stretched the exchange of the gases gets poor.
  • Smoking effects the transmission of the body=The Lungs
  • Lung diseases caused by smoking include COPD, which includes emphysema (especially) and chronic bronchitis.
  • Cigarette smoking causes most cases of lung cancer.
  • If you have asthma, tobacco smoke can trigger an attack or make an attack worse.1,2
  • Smokers are 12 to 13 times more likely to die from COPD than nonsmokers.

Smoking can cause cancer in almost every area of the body. If nobody smoked, one of every three cancer deaths in the United States would not happen. Smoking increases risk of dying from cancer and other diseases in cancer patients and survivors.

For those who quit smoking what risks you reduce:

  • Quitting smoking cuts cardiovascular risks. Just 1 year after quitting smoking, your risk for a heart attack drops sharply.2
  • Within 2 to 5 years after quitting smoking, your risk for stroke could fall to about the same as a nonsmoker’s.2
  • If you quit smoking, your risks for cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, and bladder drop by half within 5 years.2
  • Ten years after you quit smoking, your risk for lung cancer drops by half.

Again, if you smoke you may want to consider stopping; give it a thought.



Researchers estimate that 20 percent of all cancers diagnosed in the United States, including some of the most deadly types of cancer such as pancreatic cancer, are related to people being overweight or obese, being inactive, and/or eating a poor diet.”


“New sounds, new images and new expressionism were the aims of most 80s musicians, and they were so successful in their aims that 80s music still sounds fresh and has an influence today.”

How Christmas was impacted by our creative society in the 1980s that still has an impact on America today and in the future!

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Inventions and Christmas impacts in the 1980’s that affected our society than & even today including our future down the road:

-1980s Chevy Chase The Christmas show “National Lampoon Christmas” movie.

-One flop after another with trying to do regular ideas decorations.

-Saturday mornings were a time to look forward too.  Pee Wee’s play house and Christmas special.  For some it became traditional for some even this day.  If you watch one in your life time than watch the Christmas special.

After attracting adults than he went to children to a romper room on its head which became successful with embracing the spirit of Christmas.  It instantly created a following to an adult comedy in the end.  It was so ridiculous that all ages can love it. 

2010 Pee Wee brought himself to the playhouse.

-Than we have Christmas crunch from Captain Crunch.

– The movie “A Christmas story”.  To many its darling, a Christmas tradition, to some it never gets old.

To others a museum was even made like the house in the movie.  It captures what the family should be like during the holidays.

What technological innovation changed our nation from the 1980’s to today including what toys still impact society invented back than that kids simply feel they have to have on birthdays to the holidays:

-Camcorders allowed parents to grab every smile on every face they wanted with home videos the wave of the future.  It was an absolute game changer, magical thing and exciting for Christmas time to watch each over and over, since the projector.  Shooting a video became a favorite past time that is done to this day from a suitcase cumbersome sign to a cell phone.  1500 dollars it was to now a cell phone a couple of hundred or less.  Lets thank the camcorder that started this technogy.  It was a step in advancement for our video technology.

-A Microwave revolution for ovens.  The oven came out in 1955 and in the 80s than the Microwave (MW).  Only 10% when they first came out had MWs but by the end of the 1980s almost all had it with more working women in the force.  You would get a microwave oven cookbook and is the left overs best friend and still used this way where some say they can’t live without it, me being one of those.

-Denny’s closed up for Christmas.  Numerous amounts of Denny’s restaurant had to be locked up but a lot of managers of their restaurant couldn’t find the keys and had many of them with new locks applied.    This costed Denny’s about 5millions that year in allowing their employees to have off on Christmas day which they said was worth it; you think we would see that attitude today with employers? MMMMM, I don’t know about that.

-Atari 600 changed every boys life having all these different games in the house but today it’s hard to believe you had to play in a video game place as opposed into the house by yourself or with friends in a home today.

Today play on videos in the house lets you place almost identical to in the video stores. 

Gameboy was the first mobile video games in the 1980s

It was the socially alienating decade.  Bill Gates time, William HenryBillGates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, entrepreneur, investor, author, and philanthropist. In 1975, together with Paul Allen, he co-founded Microsoft, which became the world’s largest PC software company. During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, CEO and chief software architect, and was the largest individual shareholder until May 2014. Gates has authored and co-authored several books.

Starting in 1987, Gates was included in the Forbes list of the world’s wealthiest people and was the wealthiest from 1995 to 2007, again in 2009, and has been since 2014.  Between 2009 and 2014, his wealth doubled from US$40 billion to more than US$82 billion.  Between 2013 and 2014, his wealth increased by US$15 billion.  Gates is currently the richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of US$84 billion as of December 2016.

Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution.

-The members only jacket was the style in the 1980s

-Today the distinct look is ear plugs in the ears

The walkman was the starting of ear plugs carring their IPs with not listening in the car or in the house but on the run.  Aniston says it was a big invention in that time.  The batteries constantly running out Susan Olsen stated (from the Brady Bunch, Cindy).  It did more for Americans in the 1980s for holiday parties or gifts in recording tapes.

The walkman was Sony’s

-The special Santa to get Nancy Reagan to sit on her lap Mr.T in 1983 at the white house.  The A team was at its peak at this point.   JR, Donni Dem Luis, Reagan himself, but Mr. T topped them all (feathers in the ears and let us not forget the gold)

-A very special Christmas to benefit the special Olympics,  A rap group AX MEN “RUN DMC”  The first rap act in 1980s.  Clarence back door Santa they looked at to make something gritty and authentic with a rap that has been over 30 years and is still a strong memory of the 1980s.

Before this rock stars made 1984 a memory with helping Africa Ithopia.   British singers brought together and Boy George who almost forgot, Michael,  for the spirit of Christmas with in the first release has gone from 12million to over 200 million with revisions made by super stars.

This moment started a regular thing with famous people doing donation through singing gatherings with famous singers and actors in the future years to now.

-Than we had Riots started in the stores to now the stores not even doing it like they use to for the holidays because of human behavior (negative by the way—running people over, greedy stealing gifts out of people’s hands, pretty sad our society has gotten like that.  Merry Merry).

-Madonna singing about material, Fond memories about Xmas

-A cuddly toy at every kids Christmas list and let’s not forget the CUDDLY CABBAGE PATCH DOLL- Why because different hair colors, a black doll or white, from a RN to construction worker.   You would have doll lines consisting of hundreds of people out of the stores and have the riot rampage to run over people and by end of 1983  3 million were sold.  They became the fabric of America.  They were on a postage stamp.  They are sold to this day (never as huge as in the 1980s when they first came out)

-Most untraditional singers was the Raisens 1987.

-Another 1980s craze that we take for granted is the COMPUTER.   Couldn’t ask for a better Christmas present.  Time magazine called it the machine of the machine over a man of the year.  Asking was the computer our future?  Where we learned how to use it for work, home and play.  It was considered the height of future technology and is, look at us today.

Apple, He gave in a interview he would be the man but the computer was.

Now we can reach and share out all over, what a Christmas present that was given to us back than not even knowing where the computer was taking us in future technology.

-Holidays that rock the time-The Berlin wall broken down 1989. The wall game down the happiest moment to German’s and gave freedom.  Mr. Gofetroff tore down this wall Reagan states to the country and a night for a divided nation to come together again, to be so life changing their in Germany and around the wall.

Leonard Bernstein conducted a symphony  in front and behind the wall and it was watched by many who came together over this one issue making it mind spiritual and gathering all across the world.  Giving a new rise to Americans we had a super power.  It made many feel freedon is coming to the world.

-Paul Newman began starting on traditional making of his own salad dressings.  It was 1982 he started his a new business in salad dressings that had expanded to marinara sauces and more with giving donations from this business to this day to many charities (his profits).

-The final stocking stuffers in the 1980’s were Rubik’s cube, masters of the universe, transformers, smurfs,  bears, Koosh balls, and the real ghost busters.

There you have it, Christmas in the 1980s and still a cherish heart to so many today!  Even a continued tradition to many young ones who don’t even realize these toys start from the 1980s besides technology alone.  What an awesome time with many minds of creativity!



“Instead of trying crazy diets now, I just live by a few easy rules: I try to stay away from white flour as much as I can – I go for grains and brown rice instead, and I pick lean meats, like chicken or turkey, over red meat most of the time.”
Jenna Ushkowitz   (born April 28, 1986) is an American stage and television actress, singer and writer.

Post Thanksgiving Strategy for the 2 days after gobbling festive food for the turkey holiday and the day after.

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How to stop the eating motion and go back a step back into healthy eating after a parting day or weekend with on top leftovers. Thanks to RN they have words of wisdom to offer and here they are:

“Turkey, stuffing and pie, oh my! Thanksgiving can be a stressful time for people looking to manage their weight because it is a holiday that:

1) Primarily focuses on food

2) Signifies the start of the holiday season which is full of parties, celebrations and special family meals. And unfortunately, most of these celebrations are not serving huge platters of veggies, grilled chicken, hummus and whole wheat pita with fruit for dessert!

While an all-day eating holiday like Thanksgiving can wreak havoc on otherwise good eating habits, one non-ideal meal (or day) does not lead to pounds of weight gain. The big issue for many is how to deal with the days following Thanksgiving when we have lots of temptations to keep the celebration going on. Friday (all those leftovers) and Saturday (well I’ve already gone overboard so may as well enjoy myself) and Sunday (I’ll start fresh on Monday) and Monday (I wanted to eat better but my coworkers brought in pie/cake and leftovers!) and . . . you get the idea.

To successfully tackle Black Friday, use the following three tactics:

  • Have a “Leftovers” Plan: We tend to run into trouble when we open the fridge the day after Thanksgiving and see tons of tempting foods staring back at us. Creating a way to control leftovers will make sure that we can indulge on our terms, not on our refrigerator’s terms (i.e. I’ve got to eat this pie and half a turkey or it will go bad). The adage still applies, “Out of sight, out of mind, out of stomach.” So if you’re hosting Thanksgiving dinner, send your guests home with care packages containing pie and casseroles.  If you didn’t then send some out to neighbors, close family, bring to work or even to church to homeless.  You can figure it out.
  • Keep Active: Nothing like falling asleep in front of the football game on TV after Thanksgiving dinner to get our weekend started on the less active foot. A great way to help our bodies deal with extra food is to keep our metabolism high throughout the weekend. Consider a bike ride, jog or workout the day after Thanksgiving into this weekend to keep you motivated to continue exercising throughout the entire holiday season. Check out the 1 hour-tip below for another activity that will let you kill two birds (pun intended) with one stone.
  • Preventing “Holiday Mode”: As previously mentioned, most of the issues with Thanksgiving and the holidays are when we let our celebratory meals spill into the next day, and the day after that. Many people have the the day after Thanksgiving  off of work and we often are busy focusing on other activities like holiday shopping so we just go for whatever food is around: usually leftovers or eating out. Being mindful that the food-related Thanksgiving holiday ends on Thursday if not Post day is the first crucial step to setting yourself up for success over the rest of the weekend.Have 1 Minute? Give away unwanted leftovers.Have 5 Minutes? Plan a healthy Black Friday weekend.Have 15 Minutes? Portion your leftovers.Have 60 Minutes? Work out by cleaning up.
  • After breakfast on this weekend, get your workout in while taking care of one of the most dreaded post-Thanksgiving activities by setting aside an hour to do some vigorous cleaning all around the house if not already done. By increasing the intensity of your cleaning (a little bit faster, more elbow grease) you will clean more and burn a few hundred calories per hour.”
  • Sometimes the issue is not about what the leftovers are, but more how much of them are left. Spend some time Thursday night or the night after or this weekend putting the left over thanksgiving food in portion leftovers  for  future balanced meals for Friday and the rest of the weekend so you do not become tempted to take extra-large helpings or only eat lots of your favorite food. Freeze some leftovers too so you can enjoy them throughout the holiday season and not feel pressured to eat them all within a few days.
  • Plan a healthy day of eating for this weekend by writing down what you ate, from breakfast to your after-dinner snack. This will reduce that chance that you miss a meal or become tempted to eat something that is out of your routine. If you normally eat breakfast, do not skip it on Friday. Remember some of the keys to balanced meals: lean protein, complex carbs, plenty of fruits and veggies and healthy fats (avocado, olive oil, nuts, salmon, etc.). Consistency is key: make sure you eat on Friday the same way you ate the month, week and day before Thanksgiving.
  • Create a leftover delegation list with each family or person coming to Thanksgiving and the associated foods you will send them home with. Ask guests to bring their containers with them or make sure you have enough that you don’t mind parting with.

About the author: Jason Machowsky, MS, RD, CSCS is a registered dietitian, certified personal trainer.


“While a gluttonous yesterday may leave you feeling sluggish and heavy today, the truth is that a handful of simple strategies can help you undo the damage and get back on track fast.”

What happens to the body after a traditional Thanksgiving meal and more!

We’ve made countless jokes about our “Thanksgiving pants“ and planned belt unbuckling as we prepare to indulge in a big meal on Thursday. And, in case you missed it, we’ve also done our best to calculate the number of calories we might consume if we don’t rein it in a little bit. But what actually happens to your system when you overeat during the holidays?

We asked Dr. Jay Kuemmerle, a gastroenterologist and professor of medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University and Dr. Daniel Hurley, an endocrinologist and consultant in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism and Nutrition at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester to walk us through how our bodies really handle the feast before us.

“The main difference that relates to Thanksgiving is the volume and constituents of the meal,” says Kuemmerle. “In large part the high fat can lead to feeling very full and slower digestion. This can cause the stomach to expand to a greater degree, which can be uncomfortable.”

Uncomfortable how? Well, as the stomach gets more distended from overeating, the growing pressure is relieved by releasing gas — that means some people will experience acid reflux and the urge to belch. Kuemmerle suggests thinking of the stomach as a balloon: It has some elasticity, but eventually reaches a breaking point and must relieve pressure.

Our bodies have a natural stopping point, but the brain is capable of overriding the stomach’s wishes to stop eating. That’s particularly true during a holiday meal, where variety and abundance are prized.

“There’s some suggestion that a wide variety of food, like at the Thanksgiving meal, tends to increase food intake,” says Hurley. This is often referred to as the “smorgasbord effect,” according to the Columbia University Press.

Thanksgiving differs from other meals mostly in ritual: The holiday prizes tradition over digestive mindfulness, hence the problems with variety and satiety. But in all other ways, the meal looks about the same to your digestive tract. (Which may be a comment on our abundant year-round food supply and not this holiday of abundance).

Below, how digestion works — on Thanksgiving and on all other days:

It turns out the expression “feast your eyes” is pretty dead on. As soon as you sit down at the table, the sight and smell of the food sends a signal to the brain and then down to the stomach to prime your digestive system for the meal, according to Kuemmerle.

That means, at the very first bite, your stomach is primed and ready to go. “When the first bite of food hits the stomach, it’s already revved up: acid and digestive enzymes have been released,” says Kuemmerle. “The stomach starts to expand to accomodate the meal.”

Your mouth plays a role too. “As food is chewed, digestive juice from the salivary glands starts the digestion,” explains Hurley. “The teeth involved in mastication break down the food into protein, carb, fat and then in the stomach, breakdown continues.”

As you eat, your stomach stretches and secretes acid and digestive enzymes to help digest the food. Once you get to a point where your stomach feels full, stretch receptors — a collection of sensory nerves in the stomach — send messages to the brain to tell it that it’s time to stop eating.

Again, this is where your brain can really misguide your body. “When we eat, ghrelin — the hormone that stimulates back to brain to say I’m full or I’m hungry — increases and activates the hunger or satiety centers in the hypothalamus of the brain,” explains Hurley. “But your central nervous system can override the hypothalamus — it’s the same reason we can stay awake, even if our brain is telling us we’re tired.”

Once your body determines fullness, the stomach grinds the food down into two to three millimeter pieces — small enough to fit into the small intestine. As the stomach does this, it begins to contract and reestablish its tone, while pushing the ground up matter and digestive liquid through the pylorus and into the duodenum, which is the upper part of the small intestine.

This process can be slowed, depending on what you ate. “A high fat meal with gravy and butter delays emptying of the stomach because fat is harder to digest,” says Kuemmerle. In other words? Your stomach’s ability to efficiently process its contents may rely on how much butter your Aunt Mable put in those mashed potatoes. This can delay stomach emptying, which is an important step of digestion because the food’s presence in the small intestine signals the release of important enzymes from the pancreas and galbladder. These pancreatic enzymes and bile help to digest carbs and proteins and emulsify fats, breaking the food down into amino acids and simple sugars to be absorbed into the blood stream.

Of note, Hurley explains, our metabolism can actually increase if we eat too much to help with digestion, which requires energy. But don’t get too excited, he says, “it’s not enough to overcome the calories we don’t need — it’s just enough to help us.”

The release of sugar in the blood stream triggers insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar. Insulin and another hormone glucagon will store some sugar in the liver as glycogen (some fat is also stored in the liver). Every cell of your body requires glucose and muscles also requires a store of glycogen. What the body doesn’t use for these functions will be sent to fat tissue to be stored as fat — either subcutaneous fat or abdominal visceral fat.

As the digested material hits the end of the small intestine, specific vitamins get absorbed, bile gets reabsorbed and hormonal signals are sent to the brain.

Next, the body performs a really fascinating self-cleaning maneuver: As the matter continues into the colon (where water is reabsorbed and some additional nutrients are absorbed, according to Kuemmerle), the interdigestive period begins. All of the “indigestible material” — the detritus that didn’t make it through the first time — gets pushed through. The pylorus opens widely and the bigger stuff gets swept into the colon. A gallbladder contraction allows the pancreatic duct to get cleaned out. It is, Kuemmerle explains, a form of housekeeping to prep the body for the next meal.

“While the [conscious] brain is involved in chewing and swallowing and ‘starting’ the machinery,” says Kuemmerle. “The vast number of functions occur in the GI tract without us being able to regulate or be aware of it.”

And here you thought you were just sitting on the couch.