Archive | January 2017

QUOTE FOR TUESDAY:

“From large epidemiological studies, it has been demonstrated that both vascular and Alzheimer’s dementia are more common in patients with type 2 diabetes”=Brain Diabetes

American Diabetes Association

Feeling lost in your life? Everyone goes through this sometime in their lives and their is an answer!

  1. Drift Syndrome. Do you feel lost some times? We all do at one time or another but stop, it’s can be a temporary moment in life on what you do about it or consider it a challenge. How strong are you in fighting back in resolving it whether it be just with yourself or with another too.

When we can’t figure out why we’re doing what we’re doing, or how we ended up working the job we’re working, a sense of “drift” settles in.  It seems that instead of planning out our career, we just drifted along the tides and eventually found ourselves here. Maybe we’ve been in that career for decades can’t retire and are bored with what we do. Or perhaps we had a plan, but lack of follow-through and/or a few of life’s hard knocks changed it, and we just drifted along.  The truth is, most of us drifted to some extent into whatever it is we’re doing in life. I know some precious few people who planned out every step and were able to remain untouched by the chaos of living to go precisely where they wanted to go.  Nonetheless, feeling the “drift” is an emotional trigger for feeling lost.  Are you gone and is there no to resolving this?  Of course not.

  1. Too Busy for Passion. 

If you’re passionate about your main job, that’s great. But for many people, their job is a means to pay the bills, not an outlet for their deeply felt passions. But if we always think we’re too busy with our jobs and other parts of our daily routines to pursue anything we’re passionate about, or were passionate with and leave the other behind or in the dark then feeling incredibly bland, if not lost, is inevitable for you or just the other party involved and even both.  When it’s both lost it can be that you let this passion you both shared for each other, in your jobs, in your dreams just evaporate in the air.   I’m a firm believer that every schedule needs some time carved away for passionate pursuits, whatever they may be (keeping love in the air for a couple to music, art, writing, movies, careers, to volunteering, etc).  If you’re always too busy for passion, the proverbial “rut” awaits you.  So either get out of the rut and prevent the rut from happening b taking action and pursue some of those passions with moving on to make your life and even the others involved in your life happier to make an overall happy place (both in the environment and to be around).

  1. Can’t Locate a Purpose.

Right alongside passion is the necessity of perceiving that what you do has a purpose, a meaningful reason for being to you alone and than to others included in that passion (ex Superiors in your job). One of the side effects of the knowledge worker revolution has been that many people work on discreet tasks that appear detached from a larger sense of purpose, and their supervisors feel no obligation to connect the dots (if they even know where all of the dots are and what they mean themselves).  It’s hard to get motivated about the meaningfulness of your position when you have only a shallow sense of why what you’re doing contributes to the big picture.  This may be one more reason to seek out a passionate sidebar, because it may also offer the sense of purpose you’re missing.  Don’t let your job drown you where you let it make you feel like your nothing or in a rut.  You look at the pros and cons of it and see if it pays off to stay and if not start searching a new journey of employment.  Now of course you can’t leave the job till better opportunities start calling you in but it won’t come knocking at your door you need to get off your butt and apply yourself.  Put out resumes, go to places for new job opportunities and even planning a new business if its possibly for you.  Life is short and to live it to the fullest you have to make a choice.

  1. Social Support is Vacant.

How many of us are plugged into social networks that offer real, substantial support?  More frequently we’re socially organized around hobbies and sports.  Those networks may be great for talking over the specifics of our pass times, but they don’t offer vital connections between people who come to rely on one another.  We live our lives largely untethered from others except for very specific needs, and this is contributing to a sense of isolation — one that’s ironically growing at the same time online social networks are exploding.

  1. Cognitive Overload.

This is probably the easiest on the list to describe, because it affects all of us, and with increasing intensity. We simply have too much on our mental plates day-in and day-out to manage effectively. Without a quality external system for helping to manage it all, we can’t help but feel overloaded, and that contributes to a feeling of being out of sorts with the responsibilities and demands we face endlessly. Our brains didn’t evolve for nonstop information-driven, consumerism-driven, technology-laden societies, so we have to find tools to offload our cognitive load, or sink.

  1. Distractions Fragment Focus.

About once a day I look at my Verizon Wireless Cell Phone IG 6 and seriously consider throwing it into the garbage.  We have an abundance of ways to stay “connected” at our disposal,  but hyper-connection invariably leads to attention fragmentation.   Don’t you hate it when you go to a diner or a party (small or large) at someone’s home and constantly on the phone with texting back to others.  It makes me with many others like ignorance and why did you invite me with it being out right rude.   Do that at a diner to someone it’s like putting the newspaper up in front of the other person’s face who came out to meet you to communicate not just sit there. When we can’t focus our time and energy on any one project without being distracted by our smart phones, email, news alerts, TV and everything else that’s barreling at us, then it’s natural to feel detached from the project and, quite possibly, lost about how to get it completed. We’ve got to lasso in the distractions to get quality work or quality time spent with others accomplished; there’s simply no other way to consistently get work done and feel good about the outcomes or have quality time with someone or people with constant distractions by a cell phone, texting, or checking your emails.  My niece comes to my house for Easter and sits in the living room on or I-pad; real quality time with your family at my house and how rude.  This is where you have to think before doing something with a bad effect since what did happen is in time parents who thought this way put the white flag up and allow this behavior finding it acceptable.  Remember parents are the key mentors to their children not children are mentors to the parents.

  1. Bad Diets Fog the Mind.

By now we’re all well aware that our cultural obsession with fast food is leading to an obesity epidemic, and a slew of related health problems like diabetes, high blood pressure and coronary artery disease. But there’s also ample evidence to suggest that the amount of saturated fat, sodium and simple carbohydrates we’re ingesting is taking a toll on our ability to think clearly. Over time, deficits in speed of thought and memory can become major contributors to feeling lost, particularly if we look back on a time when those abilities were so much sharper than they are now. One more reason to stay away from the drive-thru and start making food at home.

  1. Media Representations Create False Expectations.

We always seem to fall for whatever “perfect” and “ideal” representations are produced by ever-opportunistic media minds. Whether it’s the supermodel look, or the Mercedes/BMW everyone deserves to have waiting for them in their driveways at Christmas — pick your poison — it’s all commercialized fantasy. When you find yourself trying to measure up to the fantasy and, of course, fall far short, it’s depressing. Remember it is all how you look at life.  One this is all materialistic and won’t last forever.  Two it is how you look at life, what are your priorities—a family, single life and live crazy (which is short for most unless a famous actor abusing drugs or alcohol and dies early still in life like Michael Jackson, John Belushi, etc…)  We think, “If that’s what ‘success’ looks like, then what am I?” Note that the effect is so insidious we’re usually processing that question in our minds without even consciously thinking it through. Over time those questions can lead to feeling lost. But they don’t have to if we can remind ourselves that “selling” is the prime mover of every commercialized fantasy we see.  Without a buyer, the craftiest ploys of the seller are meaningless.

The key to resolving this is the strength with the resources you have in helping you to fight back to the reasons you are lost and if you know what you have to do to start making you feel better than get off your butt and take the first step.   Now if its cause you lost someone dearly in your life you need time for healing and after that 6mth to a year or sooner for others start taking action in what you need to do in making your life happier.  Remember life is short and time is precious so don’t wait till you regret that you never did anything or took action to make your life a better one.  Live your life to its fullest.

A Healthy Heart Expands Your Life by Far.

The heart is like the engine to a car but for us it’s the “pump” for the human body; without the engine the car won’t run and without the pump we won’t live.  The normal size of the heart is about the size of your fist, maybe a little bigger.  It pumps blood continuously through your entire circulatory system.  The heart consists of four chambers, 2 on the right and 2 on the left.  The right side only pumps high carbon dioxide levels of blood, after all the oxygen was used by the tissues and returns to the heart in the right upper chamber and leaves to the lung from the right lower chamber.  From the lungs it than goes to the left side of the heart now, which is a very short distance as opposed to where the left side pumps the blood.  The L side of the heart pumps blood to the feet, brain and all tissues in between with high oxygen levels of blood.   This is why the L side of the heart does more work than the R side since the blood leaving the L side has a longer distance in distributing oxygen.  The heart pumps the blood with high oxygen blood levels to reach all your tissues and cells, going to the feet, brain, and to all other tissues in between returning home again to the right side of the heart (upper chamber) to get sent to the lungs again for more oxygen.  This is why the muscle on the L side of the heart is larger than the right, it works harder.  Every time your heart beats (the sound we call lub dub) the organ is sending out a cardiac output of blood either to the lungs for more oxygen or to the body tissues through the aorta to give oxygenated blood to your tissues and cells.  This is the mechanics of how the heart works in our body.

Let’s see what can occur if the heart doesn’t function properly.  If your heart is not pumping out a sufficient amount in your cardiac output to either the lungs (from rt. Side) or to the tissues (from the lt. side) than it tries to work harder where it does ok at first but over time weakens.  As this weak heart struggles to pump blood the muscle fibers of the heart stretch.  Over time, this stretching leaves the heart with larger, weaker chambers.  The heart enlarges (cardiomegaly).   If this continues to go on this could go into R or L sided heart failure.  When this happens, blood that should be pumped out of the heart backs up in the lungs (L sided failure) or in the tissues (R sided failure).  The side the failure is on doesn’t allow proper filling of the chambers on that side and back up happens; so if on the L the fluids back up in the lungs or the R the fluids first back up in the veins which can expand to hold extra blood but at some point dump the extra fluids in your tissues (This is edema in feet first due to gravity).   This is all due to overloading of the blood not filling up in the chambers of the heart to make a good cardiac output of blood and in time the fluid backs up (bad pumping=backup of blood=fluid overload in the lungs (pulmonary congestion) to fluid staying in the skin (first the lower extremities due to gravity=feet which we call edema working its way up the legs.).  This condition in time with no treatment will go into congestive heart failure (CHF) to the other side of the heart if not controlled.  CHF can range from mild to severe.   There is 670,000 cases are diagnosed with this every year and is the leading cause of hospitalization in people over 65 y/o.  Causes of CHF are: heart attack, CAD (coronary artery disease), cardiomyopathy, conditions that overwork the heart like high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity (These diseases can be completely preventable or at least well controlled).

There is many of us in this world with knowing how our activity/exercise, eating, and habits could be better for health but do little action if any on our own to change it, which is a large part for certain diseases being so high in America (diabetes, stroke, cardiac diseases=high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis to CHF and more).  If people were more healthier and more active regarding these diseases alone it would decrease in population creating a positive impact on how our health system with insurance presently (a disaster) with our economy for many could get better.  A healthy heart can pump to all parts of the body in a few seconds which is good cardiac output from the organ but when it gets hard for the heart to keep up with its regular routine it first compensates to eventually it decompensates causing ischemia (lack of oxygen to the heart tissue).  It’s like any tissue in the body, lack of oxygen=lack of nutrients to the body tissue=STARVATION and with lack of oxygen will come PAIN eventually to death if not treated.  Take the heart, if it isn’t getting enough oxygen it can go into angina.  That is reversible since it is heart pain due to not enough oxygen to the heart tissue=no damage but if left untreated what will occur is a heart attack=myocardial infarction (MI) and is permanent damage because scarring to the heart tissue takes place.

Let’s understand what the heart can develop over time with an unhealthy heart due to bad health habits.  If you are eating too much for too long foods high in sodium your vessels will narrow in size.  By allowing this you increase the pressure in the vessels that increases your blood pressure called hypertension.  If you are also inactive you are at risk of obesity which puts stress on the heart and in time causing high B/P.  Constantly be in a high B/P and this could cause the vessel to rupture (at the heart=possible heart attack, at the brain=possible stroke, also called CVA with both on high occurrences in our population of the US.).   With bad habits (especially poor diet, inactive, and smoking) you can cause over time atherosclerosis=a blockage in the artery with the resolution surgery (from a cardiac catheterization up your groin or having difficulty in the arm to the heart where an angiogram to an angioplasty with possibly a stent is performed or if the blockage to blockages is so bad a CABG=coronary artery bypass=a 6hr plus operation where diversion of a vein from your leg (donor graft site) around the blockage is done.  Smoking can lead to this but it also can cause your vessels to become brittle=arteriosclerosis.  Healthy Habits would impact a positive result for all people who have had this diagnosis before but most important be a great PREVENTATIVE measure for people not diagnosed with cardiac disease.

There are 4 things you have no control over heredity, age, sex, and race but healthy habits are sure to benefit you by keeping the odds down of you inheriting, help your age factor, and race a lot can be associated with eating cultural habits.

If you make the decision to live a life that’s healthy for your heart through proper eating, doing healthy habits and doing some exercise or activity with balancing rest in your busy schedule and would like direction or want to expand your diet/exercise/healthy habits then you came to the right blog to start in the right direction.  You make all the choices in your life at 21 y/o or older.  Wouldn’t you want less heart disease or obesity or diabetes for yourself and for others throughout the nation including the future generations?  If you like what you see spread the good cheer.   Let’s build a stronger foundation regarding HEALTH in America.  So start eating a good heart healthy diet usually with still treating yourself at times throughout the year including daily or tri-weekly or bi-weekly exercise and balancing it with rest .  At least try to do stretching exercises daily.  Also try to keep stress to a minimum which work out helps you decrease.  Recommended is to check with your doctor about your diet and exercise changes especially if you have a disease or illness that the MD can direct you best in changes with knowing about your health history.

QUOTE FOR FRIDAY:

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI), that it is a different virus than HIV and that HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active men and women get it at some point in their lives. CDC.  There are many different types of HPV, some types can cause health problems including genital warts and cancers but there are vaccines that can stop these health problems from happening=PREVENTION.

CDC (Centers for disease control and prevention)

 

HPV – Human Papillo Virus-Take action for yourself and prevent it!

 

We see many commercials on TV lately that have adolescents or young adults talking about this disease.  What is this abbreviation?  Human Papillomavirus is its full name.  About 79 million Americans are currently infected with HPV. About 14 million people become newly infected each year. HPV is so common that most sexually-active men and women will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives.

The CDC (Centers for disease control and prevention) states HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI), that it is a different virus than HIV and that HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active men and women get it at some point in their lives. CDC all states there are many different types of HPV, some types can cause health problems including genital warts and cancers but there are vaccines that can stop these health problems from happening=PREVENTION.

How is HPV is transmitted from one person to another?

 It is a STD so you can get HPV by having vaginal, anal, or even oral sex with someone who has the virus. It is most commonly spread during vaginal or anal sex. HPV can be passed even when an infected person has no signs or symptoms.

Anyone who is sexually active can get HPV, even if you have had sex with only one person or multiple (obviously the more partners you have the higher the chance of getting it). You also can develop symptoms years after you have sex with someone who is infected unfortunately where this makes it hard to know when you first became infected.

What health risks does HPV put people at if they have this diagnosis?

 In most cases, HPV goes away on its own and does not cause any health problems. But when HPV does not go away, it can cause health problems like genital warts and cancer.

Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower. A healthcare provider can usually diagnose warts by looking at the genital area.

Remember it can cause the BIG C!

HPV can cause cervical and other cancers cancers including cancer of the vulva, vagina, penis, or anus. It can also cause cancer in the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils.

Cancer often takes years, even decades, to develop after a person gets HPV. The types of HPV that can cause genital warts are not the same as the types of HPV that can cause cancers.

There is no way to know which people who have HPV will develop cancer or other health problems. People with weak immune systems (including individuals with HIV/AIDS) may be less able to fight off HPV and more likely to develop health problems from it.

How to avoid HPV and the health problems it can cause=PREVENTION, like almost every other disease.

 You can do several things to lower your chances of getting HPV.

Get vaccinated. HPV vaccines are safe and effective. They can protect males and females against diseases (including cancers) caused by HPV when given in the recommended age groups (see “Who should get vaccinated?” below). HPV vaccines are given in three shots over six months; it is important to get all three doses.

Get screened for cervical cancer. Routine screening for women aged 21 to 65 years old can prevent cervical cancer.

For those sexually active do the following:

The right way to do SAFE SEX is done the safe way everytime. This can lower your chances of getting HPV. But HPV can infect areas that are not covered by a condom – so condoms may not give full protection against getting HPV.

****Be in a mutually monogamous relationship – or have sex only with someone who only has sex with you; including have each sex partner checked for STDs before having sex with you monogamous or only partner.

******PREVENTION IS VACCINATION-The best way to prevent it !

All boys and girls ages 11 or 12 years should get vaccinated.

Catch-up vaccines are recommended for males through age 21 and for females through age 26, if they did not get vaccinated when they were younger.

The vaccine is also recommended for gay and bisexual men (or any man who has sex with a man) through age 26. It is also recommended for men and women with compromised immune systems (including people living with HIV/AIDS) through age 26, if they did not get fully vaccinated when they were younger.

How do I know if I have HPV?

 ONE go to a doctor!  Simply get tested and have the doctor examine your genital area.

Unfortunately there is no test to find out a person’s “HPV status.” Also, there is no approved HPV test to find HPV in the mouth or throat.

There are HPV tests that can be used to screen for cervical cancer. These tests are recommended for screening only in women age of 30 years or older.  They are not recommended to screen men, adolescents, or women under the age of 30 years old.

Most people with HPV do not know they are infected and never develop symptoms or health problems from it. Some people find out they have HPV when they get genital warts. Women may find age 30 years and older when they get an abnormal Pap test result (during cervical cancer screening).  Others may only find out once they’ve developed more serious problems from HPV, such as cancers.

Health problems related to having HPV:

 Health problems related to HPV include genital warts and cervical cancer.

Genital warts: Before HPV vaccines were introduced, roughly 340,000 to 360,000 women and men were affected by genital warts caused by HPV every year.* Also, about one in 100 sexually active adults in the U.S. have genital warts at any given time.

Cervical cancer: More than 11,000 women in the United States get cervical cancer each year.

Every year approximately 17,600 women and 9,300 men are affected by cancers caused by HPV.

What happens if pregnant with HPV?

If you are pregnant and have HPV, you can get genital warts or develop abnormal cell changes on your cervix. Abnormal cell changes can be found with routine cervical cancer screening. You should get routine cervical cancer screening even when you are pregnant.

The Treatment for HPV:

There is no treatment for the virus itself. However, there are treatments for the health problems that HPV can cause:

  1. Genital warts can be treated by you or your physician. If left untreated, genital warts may go away, stay the same, or grow in size or number.
  2. Cervical precancer can be treated. Women who get routine Pap tests and follow up as needed can identify problems before cancer develops. Prevention is always better than treatment.
  3. Other HPV-related cancers are also more treatable when diagnosed and treated early like any other cancer.

 

 

What is Schizophrenia?



Schizophrenia is a serious disorder which effects how a person thinks, feels and acts.  A individual with this diagnosis may have difficulty distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary; may be unresponsive or withdrawn; and may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations.  The person with schizophrenia may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations.

Contrary to public perception, schizophrenia is not split personality or multiple ones.  The vast majority of people with schizophrenia are not violent and do not pose a danger to others; if anyone they could put a danger to is themselves without supervision around.  Schizophrenia is not caused by childhood experiences, poor parenting, lack of will power.  The signs and symptoms of the disease are not the same for each person.

The cause of schizophrenia is still not clear.  Some theories about the cause of this disease include:  genetics (heredity), biology (the imbalance in the brain’s chemistry); and/or possible viral infections and immune disorders.

Another cause can be genetics (heredity).  Scientists recognize that the disorder tends to run in families and a person inherits to develop the disease.  Schizophrenia may also be triggered by environmental events like viral infections or highly stressful situations or a combination of both.  Similar to some other genetically-related illnesses, schizophrenia appears when the body undergoes hormonal and physical changes, like those that occur during puberty in the teen and young adult years.

Substance use can be another cause. Some studies have suggested that taking mind-altering drugs during teen years and young adulthood can increase the risk of schizophrenia. A growing body of evidence indicates that smoking marijuana increases the risk of psychotic incidents and the risk of ongoing psychotic experiences. The younger and more frequent the use, the greater the risk. Another study has found that smoking marijuana led to earlier onset of schizophrenia and often preceded the manifestation of the illness.

Another etiology deals with chemistry.  Genetics help to determine huw the brain uses certain chemicals.  People with schitzophrenia have a chemical imbalance of brain chemicals (serotonin and dopamine) which are neurotransmitters.  These neurotransmitters allow nerve cells in the brain that send messages to each nerve cell.  The brain is made up of nerve cells, called neurons, and chemicals, called neurotransmitters. An imbalance of one neurotransmitter, dopamine, is thought to cause the symptoms of schizophrenia. … The “dopamine hypothesis” has been the main theory regarding the cause of the symptoms of schizophrenia.  Dopamine is produced in the dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of the midbrain, the substantia nigra pars compacta, and the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus.  With the imbalance these chemicals affects the way a person’s brain reacts to stimuli—which explains why a person with schizophrenia may be overwhelmed by sensory information (Ex. loud music or bright lights) which other people can easily handle.  This problem in processing different sounds, sights, smells and tastes can also lead to hallucinations or delusions.

Looking for a moment at Dopamine in different areas of the brain in both low and high amounts see how it effects brain thinking to better understand schizophrenia.

Dopamine in cognition:

Dopamine in the frontal lobes of the brain controls the flow of information from other areas of the brain. Disorders of dopamine in this region lead to decline in neurocognitive functions, especially memory, attention, and problem-solving.

D1 receptors and D4 receptors are responsible for the cognitive-enhancing effects of dopamine. Some of the antipsychotic medications used in conditions like schizophrenia act as dopamine antagonists. Older, so-called “typical” antipsychotics most commonly act on D2 receptors, while the atypical drugs also act on D1, D3 and D4 receptors.

Dopamine in movement

A part of the brain called the basal ganglia regulates movement. Basal ganglia in turn depend on a certain amount of dopamine to function at peak efficiency. The action of dopamine occurs via dopamine receptors, D1-5.

Dopamine reduces the influence of the indirect pathway, and increases the actions of the direct pathway within the basal ganglia. When there is a deficiency in dopamine in the brain, movements may become delayed and uncoordinated. On the flip side, if there is an excess of dopamine, the brain causes the body to make unnecessary movements, such as repetitive tics.

Dopamine in pleasure reward seeking behavior

Dopamine is the chemical that mediates pleasure in the brain. It is released during pleasurable situations and stimulates one to seek out the pleasurable activity or occupation. This means food, sex, and several drugs of abuse are also stimulants of dopamine release in the brain, particularly in areas such as the nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex.

Dopamine and addiction

Cocaine and amphetamines inhibit the re-uptake of dopamine. Cocaine is a dopamine transporter blocker that competitively inhibits dopamine uptake to increase the presence of dopamine.

Amphetamine increases the concentration of dopamine in the synaptic gap, but by a different mechanism. Amphetamines are similar in structure to dopamine, and so can enter the presynaptic neuron via its dopamine transporters. By entering, amphetamines force dopamine molecules out of their storage vesicles. By increasing presence of dopamine both these lead to increased pleasurable feelings and addiction.

Dopamine in memory

Levels of dopamine in the brain, especially the prefrontal cortex, help in improved working memory. However, this is a delicate balance and as levels increase or decrease to abnormal levels, memory suffers.

Dopamine in attention

Dopamine helps in focus and attention. Vision helps a dopamine response in the brain and this in turn helps one to focus and direct their attention. Dopamine may be responsible for determining what stays in the short term memory based on an imagined response to certain information. Reduced dopamine concentrations in the prefrontal cortex are thought to contribute to attention deficit disorder.

Dopamine is affected in schizophrenia, just look at the functions of the chemical and the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia.

Signs and symptoms of schizophrenia:

Deficits in cognitive abilities are widely recognized as a core feature of this disease.  The deficits impacting the cognitive function are found in a large number of areas: working memory, long-term memory,verbaldeclarative memory, semantic processing, episodic memory, attention, learning (particularly verbal learning).  Deficits in verbal memory are the most pronounced in individuals with schizophrenia, and are not accounted for by deficit in attention. Verbal memory impairment has been linked to a decreased ability in individuals with schizophrenia to semantically encode (process information relating to meaning), which is cited as a cause for another known deficit in long-term memory.  When given a list of words, healthy individuals remember positive words more frequently (known as the Pollyanna principle); however, individuals with schizophrenia tend to remember all words equally regardless of their connotations, suggesting that the experience of anhedonia impairs the semantic encoding of the words.  These deficits have been found in individuals before the onset of the illness to some some extent and varying degrees.

-Delusions

-Hallucinations

-Disorganized speech

-Disorganized or catatonic behavior

TREATMENT FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA:

There is no cure for schizophrenia, but it can be treated and managed in several ways.

-Antipsychotic medications

-Psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and assertive community treatment and supportive therapy.

– Self-management strategies and education

 

QUOTE FOR WEDNESDAY:

“The number of whole blood and red blood cell units collected in the U.S. in a year: 13.6 million.  The number of blood donors in the U.S. in a year: 6.8 million.”

American Heart Association

 

QUOTE FOR MONDAY:

“More than 285 million people are visually impaired worldwide — and of these cases, about 80 percent of them could have been avoided or cured.”

World Health Organization (WHO)